Age of the Democratic Revolution : The struggle (1970). University of Chicago Press. Maynard Mack, Alexander Pope: A Life, Yale University Press, 1985 pages 437-440. These men of letters constituted a sort of "substitute aristocracy that was both all-powerful and without real power".
For moderate Christians, this meant a return to simple Scripture. After the Peace of Utrecht (1713 the Enlightenment was largely a French Phenomenon. Grout and Claude.
Sir Richard Blackmore committed the Newtonian system to verse in warrior gene essay Creation, a Philosophical Poem in Seven Books (1712). 64 Spinoza determined to remove politics from contemporary and historical theology (e.g., disregarding Judaic law ). 232 The debating societies discussed an extremely wide range of topics. In each case, Enlightenment values became accepted and led to significant political and administrative reforms that laid the groundwork for the creation of modern states. Respect for rational philosophy was largely derived from the successes and popularity of science. This was followed, after the middle of the century, by the formalism and balance of neoclassicism, with its resurrection of Greek and Roman models.
Significant people and publications. The, age of, enlightenment was preceded by and closely associated with the scientific revolution. Earlier philosophers whose work influenced the Enlightenment included Bacon, Descartes, Locke, and, spinoza.