spheres of life: "At the individual level Swaraj is vitally connected with the capacity for dispassionate self-assessment, ceaseless self-purification and growing self-reliance." 8 Politically, swaraj. Retrieved on July 12, 2007. In other words, it is sovereignty of the people based on pure moral authority. Present day edit The Aam Aadmi Party was founded in late 2012, by Arvind Kejriwal and some erstwhile activists of India Against Corruption movement, with the aim of empowering people by applying the concept of swaraj enunciated by Gandhi, in the present day context. Long Beach Publications: Long Beach, 1987,. He rules himself in such a manner that he is never a hindrance to his neighbour." 11 He summarised the core principle like this: "It is Swaraj when we learn to rule ourselves." 12 Gandhi explained his vision in 1946: Independence begins at the bottom. 9 Adopting Swaraj means implementing a system whereby the state machinery is virtually nil, and the real power directly resides in the hands of people. What Swaraj meant to Gandhi.
Gandhi's model of Swaraj was almost entirely discarded by the Indian government. "With Swaraj in mind, Kejriwal launches Aam Aadmi Party". He had wanted a system of a classless, stateless direct democracy. Retrieved November 25, 2012. Dadabhai Navroji said that he had learnt the word swaraj from the Satyarth Prakash of Saraswati. Cambridge, 1997, pp 189. Long Beach Publications: Long Beach, 1987, pp 189. Ahmedabad, Gujarat: Navajivan Publishing House, 1938. It was for extreme sports essay introduction this that he developed the two pronged strategy of resistance (to the state) and reconstruction (through voluntary and participatory social action). Two major nonviolent movements for socio-economic and political revolution in India: the Bhoodan movement led by Vinoba Bhave and the Total Revolution movement led by Jayaprakash Narayan were actually formed under the aegis of the ideas of Swaraj.
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