insights are included here. Kitsch's enormous profits are a source of temptation to the avant-garde itself, and its members have not always resisted this temptation. The aura is an effect of a work of art being uniquely present in time and space. Left: Repin, Cossacks ; Right: Piacsso, Woman with a Fan Let us see, for example, what happens when an ignorant Russian peasant such as Macdonald mentions stands with hypothetical freedom of choice before two paintings, one by Picasso, the other by Repin. It may, instead, become a property of the society of the spectacle. Later the Nazis realized that it was more practical to accede to the wishes of the masses in matters of culture than to those of their paymasters; the latter, when it came to a question of preserving power, were as willing to sacrifice their culture. We may have come to prefer Giotto to Raphael, but we still do not deny that Raphael was one of the best painters of his time. Only from the exact view of the camera is it credible. And so we find Mussolini announcing a "new Imperial style." Marinetti, Chirico,., are sent into the outer darkness, and the new railroad station in Rome will not be modernistic. All the verities involved by religion, authority, tradition, style, are thrown into question, and the writer or artist is no longer able to estimate the response of his audience to the symbols and references with which he works.
The methods of industrialism displace the handicrafts. Isbn Shiner, Larry (2001). The encouragement of kitsch is merely another of the inexpensive ways in which write a phoessay proposal totalitarian regimes seek to ingratiate themselves with their subjects. There has always been on one side the minority of the powerful - and therefore the cultivated - and on the other the great mass of the exploited and poor - and therefore the ignorant. Repin predigests art for the spectator and spares him effort, provides him with a shore cut to the pleasure of art that detours what is necessarily difficult in genuine art.
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